Tongue-tie is when there is a band of tissue that restricts the movement of the tongue. It is not uncommon for this band of tissue to exist, but it only becomes problematic when function of the tongue is affected. Tongue-tie can affect breastfeeding, swallowing, eating, and speaking. It can have affects lasting into adulthood on dentition, oral structures, breathing (especially at night), and TMJ dysfuntion.
Along with a tongue-tie, an individual might also have a lip-tie. A lip-tie might affect breastfeeding but could also create cosmetic issues with dentition as well as possible speech sound issues.
Together, tongue-tie and lip-tie are often called Tethered Oral Tissues. If you have a question about Tethered Oral Tissues for you or your child, we can help you determine if a functional problem exists and help make a plan for you.